Created from the former Cornwall-Lebanon Railroad built by Robert H. Coleman in the 1880's, the Lebanon Valley Rail Trail follows a route rich with social and economic history.

In the old days, special passenger trains carried visitors to the popular summer resort community of Mt. Gretna.

During the 1800's and early 1900's, the railroad also provided transport to the Pennsylvania National Guard training encampment near Mt. Gretna. Eventually passenger service ceased, and the Pennsylvania Railroad aquired the line.

Freight service to the main line in Lancaster County continued until Hurricane Agnes washed out sections of the track in 1972.

In 1999 Lebanon Valley Rails-to-Trails aquired the corridor to develop a multi-use trail